US Foreign Policy Put with MAG simulation

Weapons of War/Saving Lives With Puppets, Mass Demolitions, and More! -- US weapons of war still killing after 40 years (pdf)

Help us find every cluster bomb before a child does! (pdf)

My son Travis died in Iraq (pdf)

40 Years Later: Remembering the Vietnam War (pdf)

Landmines simulation

Pre-questions:

  1. What lasting effects of war do you know about?
  2. What images come to mind with the word landmine?
  3. Do you know who makes them?
  4. How are people affected?

After first segment on Cluster bombs or bombies:

Questions:

  1. What´s the effect of handling a cluster bomb? They´re designed to kill.
  2. Land mines? They can kill or maim.

Activity: Finding the mines

Pass around the photos* of landmines hidden in undergrowth. Five groups try to find them. Then pass out the blown up photos so they can see them.

*Finding Landmines Photos:
To downlond the photo, mouse left-click on each picture below, you can see a new window pop up with larger photo.
Mouse right-click on the picture in the new window and click/select “save image as”, and save the photo at your disc or desktop.
To print the photo, mouse right-click at the file you save and select “print”.

landmine photo 1a landmine photo 1b landmine photo 2a landmine photo 2b landmine photo 3alandmine photo 3b landmine photo 4alandmine photo 4b landmine photo 5alandmine photo 5b

Questions:

  1. Why would veterans want to help?
  2. How are people affected?
  3. How many (what percentage) of the people die?

Simulation in their seats. Divide the class in half.
When we say: 1, 2, 3, BOOM!! One half dies. The other half, each person decides what limb is lost and holds that limb or eye. 1, 2, 3, BOOM!!
What would happen to you? What could you hope for with a lost leg?
Answers have been:
"Crutches". Reply: if you were lucky.
“Wheelchair” Reply: if you were luckier.
“Prosthesis or artificial leg” Reply: if you were luckiest.

Pass around photo boards** during the following discussion.

**Photo Boards:
To downlond the photo, mouse left-click on each picture below, you can see a new window pop up with larger photo.
Mouse right-click on the picture in the new window and click/select "save image as", and save the photo at your disc or desktop.
To print the photo, mouse right-click at the file you save and select “print”.

board1 board2 board3 board4 board5 board6 bord7 board8 board9 board10 board11 board12 board13 board14 board15 board16 board17

Discussion:

Know anyone who´s a landmine survivor?
American soldiers from Afghanistan and Iraq have been injured by landmines.
How would you feel losing a limb?
What cultural biases would make it hard for survivors?

Go back to pre questions:

  1. What images do you have now?
  2. Who makes them? About 100 companies in at least 55 nations. USA, China, Russia, Egypt, Pakistan, and India are the leading producers.
  3. Where are landmines found? 80 to 100 million are deployed in the ground in more than sixty countries. The US State Department thinks there are between 4-6 million landmines in Cambodia. 110 million more are stockpiled and ready to use & 10-20 million of the 360 different kinds are produced every year.
  4. How much do they cost? $3- $30 and it costs $300-$1000 to remove one.

At the rehab centers surrviors are trained to make prostheses, wheel chairs or walkers. Others can get training to raise silk worms, spin thread, weave silk cloth, or sew clothing and other items out the cloth. Children go back to their communities where some ramps have been built to accommodate their wheel chairs. ( Walnut Creek Intermediate School kids raised $9,000 from their Annual Geography Quiz for ramps)

How tennis shoes are used?
Soles are put on soles of of prostheses so they can last longer or tied onto the artificial foot. Adults need new prostheses every five years or less. Children out grow them so must get new ones much more often. People wearing braces need sturdy shoes
Castro Middle School in San Jose, CA and Cabrillo Middle School in Santa Clara, CA collected more than 6 large suitcases of tennis shoes for our developing world(odw) Reality Tour participants to take to the VVAF rehab center in Cambodia.

These people have a life!

Brainstorm: how can we help? You might want to brainstorm, “should we help?” first. (These are some of the ideas that have come up)

Lots of information in Facts Have Faces Landmines: Fallout of War. Available from Church World Service 1-410-727-6106 or fax1-410-727-6108.

US Campaign to Ban Landmines, Scott Stedjan, Coordinator Friends Committee on National Legislation.
245 Second Street, NE
Washington DC 20002-5795

This campaign has been coordinated by several organizations in rotation, including VVAF (www.vvaf.org), Church World Service, www.ncccusa.org. Call 1-800- 297-1516 ext. 338 for a free VHS 9 minute video and most recently, Physicians for Human Rights.

True Stories from VVAF(Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation)

Before Huan was born, a soldier buried a landmine near her home. When she was twelve years old, all the soldiers had gone. She was playing as twelve year olds play. The landmine exploded, blowing off her left leg. What could be more evil than the mutilation of a child?

Tum Roen was born to a poor peasant family in a remote province of Cambodia. She helped her family make ends meet by working in the rice fields-- until the day she stepped on a landmine. Suddenly, Tum became a burden to her family, an outcast with no future. At the VVAF clinic she was fitted with an artificial leg. If we hadn´t helped her, her future would have remained bleak. A woman with little chance of marriage, whose family regarded her a a carrier of bad luck. So Tum Roen remained in Preah Vihear where the clinic was, working on our silk weaving cooperative, which trains and employs landmine survivors to produce traditional silk scarves for export. Tum Roen is proudly independent and self sufficient.

Ten year old Fahad used to sell vegetables from a pushcart in the streets of Kabul. In war torn Afghanistan he needed to help his family survive. Then a landmine blew off his right leg. Now Fahad can´t sell vegetable to help his family, can´t play games with his friends and can´t go to school because it´s too far to walk.

Khang was born in Vietnam with horribly twisted legs, a deformity due to Agent Orange genetic damage to one or both of his parents. For the first sixteen years of his life he was carried wherever he had to go by his father or brotherto school, to the temple, to the river. He had become a brilliant woodcarver and craftsman, but without the ability ot walk, his future was bleak. Khang´s family could never have brought him the 60 difficult miles to Hanoi. But when our mobile outreach van located him, a whole new life became possible for him. We located a donor to pay for the surgery without which Khang could never walk, and we provided him with orthodics to complete his treatment.